Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure is a leading cause of kidney damage. Did you know that? Well, many people still have no idea about high blood pressure and how it affects the other organs of the body.
How High Blood Pressure Affects the Kidney?
Hypertension is known as the silent killer that gradually affects the overall of your body. Initially, it damages the blood vessels and kidney filters that help in removing the body waste process. Sometimes. It ends up with chronic kidney disease that requires blood dialysis or kidney transplantation.
Here are some common symptoms of kidney disease.
Worsen high blood pressure
Edema in your lower legs means fluid retention
More urinate, especially at night
How High Blood Pressure Is Linked With Kidney Failure?
Studies from Multan institute of kidney diseases reveal that kidneys and circulatory systems count on each other for overall health. The function of kidneys is to filter the wastes and extra fluids from the blood through a large network of blood vessels. If your blood vessels are damaged, nephrons will not be able to filter the blood as there will be no oxygen. It is a reason why high blood pressure damages the kidney. High blood pressure can cause the arteries to become narrow around the kidneys. Such damaged arteries do not allow enough blood to be delivered to the kidney tissues.
Risk Factors of High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease
High blood pressure and kidney disease are caused by different factors. Do you know what factors contribute to causing high blood pressure?
Age: As your age increases, the chances to have high blood pressure tend to increase. Over time, blood vessels naturally thicken and stiffen over time.
Genes: Is there anyone in your family with high blood pressure? Well, it is a sign that you may also be the victim of high blood pressure. High blood pressure runs in families and can affect anyone.
Unhealthy Lifestyle Choices: People with too much sodium intake are at high risks of high blood pressure. Physical inactivity and alcoholic beverages can also be the causes of high blood pressure.
Gender: Gender is a factor that also contributes to developing high blood pressure problems. Researchers say that men are more likely to have high blood pressure.
What Are Other Factors That Contribute To Kidney Disease?
There are some factors too that can cause kidney diseases, such as
- If you have diabetes
- If someone in your family has ever had kidney disease
Let’s explore some further symptoms of high blood pressure and kidney disease.
High blood pressure often causes headaches. Worse kidney disease results in sin swelling that is known as edema. It happens when your kidneys cannot get rid of extra fluid and salt. You can see the edema in your legs, ankles, feet, hands, etc.
- Other signs are the following:
- Numbness, dry skin, darkened skin
- Muscle cramps
- Chest pain
- Breathing problem
- Increased or decreased urination
- Generalized itching
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Feeling tired
- Sleep problems
Diagnose Of the High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease
Blood pressure is numbered separated by a slash. Its top number is called the systolic pressure and indicates the heartbeats plus blood pushes through blood vessels. The bottom number is known as diastolic pressure that shows the pressure as blood vessels relax between heartbeats.
Reading blood pressure consistently high will say that you are a patient who lives with high blood pressure.
To check kidney disease, health care professionals use a blood test that determines how well the function of the kidney in filtering out the blood, GFR.
A urine test is also for checking the kidney disease that makes sure the albumin in the urine in case of kidney disease.
You can avoid some unhealthy lifestyle to prevent kidney disease, such as:
- Manage stress
- Quit smoking
- Physical activity
- Healthy diet
- Maintaining a healthy weight
Being a smoker is a nightmare that gives only instant relief but chronic health problems. Experts from nishtar hospital say that smoking increases the high blood pressure risk that can worsen other health.