A flow meter, in general, is a measuring device utilized to calculate the mass or volume of a fluid. It can be introduced by plenty of names, for example, flow indicator, flow rate sensor, flow gauge, and so on relying upon the industry.
Still, all of these names calculate flow. Moreover, water flow meters are, for the most part, utilized to gauge or calculate the volume of liquid used in residential and commercial buildings. The water is, more often than not, dispensed to offices and homes through a water supply system.
Furthermore, water flow meters can be utilized at water sources or all over the public water system to measure or gauge the flow rate of a component of the water system. It can calculate dirty, cold, hot, and clean waters. For a little help, we will walk you through the significance of a water flow meter and what kind of application is best appropriate for it. Read on!
Flow meters are, for the most part, a crucial part of every household, gas, and oil operation. It has a diverse application, and each of them highlights its own limitations and engineering requirements. Generally, a flow meter serves the intention of providing or bestowing precise flow control or monitoring. And the need for accurate measurement of quantities will differ with various industrial applications.
Essentially, calculating the flow of liquid or gas is normally a critical parameter in different processes. It can be connected with maintaining fluid motion, tank balancing, or asset management. Some flow meter applications require the ability to produce precise measurements or calculations since they have a broad influence or impact on product health, safety, and quality, as well as profitability. In some instances, inexact flow calculations or failing to get these kinds of calculations can, for the most part, end up in drastic results.
Water Flow Meter Types
There are two generally known methods used in flow meter calculations: displacement flow meters and velocity flow meters. Each of these methods makes the best use of different technologies.
Ultrasonic Flow Meters
Ultrasonic flow meters are, for the most part, utilized in applications where dirt and sewage are involved, for example, slurries, wastewater, and other unclean liquids. This flow meter is more advanced than traditional flow meters. It operates or works on the principle that a change in frequency of the ultrasonic flow meter signal happens when it’s reflected by suspended bubbles or gas particles in motion, which is commonly known as the Doppler Effect.
This type of flow meter utilizes sound waves to know the speed of a liquid traveling in a pipe. It can be very precise and can be utilized for petroleum custody transfer. However, it can be expensive and susceptible to process frequencies.
Magnetic Flow Meters
Magnetic flow meters don’t have parts in motion and utilized in wastewater applications or unclean liquids that have the property to conduct electricity. The most important part of a magnetic flow meter is the display because it can be utilized for remote monitoring and data entry.
This type of flow meter is not that precise compared to ultrasonic flow meters. Thus, it’s not utilized for transferring expensive liquids. Also, magnetic flow meters do not work on fluids that are not conductive, for example, oil. Furthermore, gas or steam flows do not register.
Positive Displacement Flow Meters
Positive Displacement flow meters are, for the most part, utilized in applications where are linear pipeline isn’t available, and if a turbine flow meter or paddlewheel sensor would undergo too much of a problem. PD flow meters are utilized for dirty liquids as well.
This type of flow meter is excellent for high viscosity liquids, low flow rates, and it lasts a very long time for oils. However, because it has parts in motion, you may need regular maintenance.
This type of flow meter is probably the most affordable on the list and the most common type of water flow meter. It can be utilized to calculate the flow rates of water-like fluids. A lot of paddlewheel sensors are marketed with flow fittings or insertion. Similar to turbine flow meters, paddlewheel sensors need a ten pipe diameters of linear pipe on the vent and five diameters on the vent.
The paddlewheel sensor’s rotor is made perpendicular or vertical to the flow rate. It’ll make acquaintance with a definite cross-area of the flow.
If you’re searching for the best flow meter for your household, industry, or business, then it is ideal to look around the web keeping in mind the key considerations of what kind of water flow meter you need. But of course, remember that there is not a single flow meter that is fitted for all applications. Thus, choosing the right device for your needs is quintessential.
Sylvia Hopkins is a writer and a blogger who specializes in email marketing campaigns and ghost blogging. She writes about flow measurement instrumentation, flow measurement application, and technology. When not working, Sylvia spends some quality time with her family and friends.